The judicial system in Pakistan
Pakistan has a mix of Islamic and British common law systems. The Constitution of Pakistan provides for a judicial system based on the principle of independence of the Judiciary. The Chief Justice of Pakistan heads the Judiciary. The Constitution also provides for a system of civil law, a method of criminal law, and a family law system. The Constitution provides for an independent judiciary.
The judicial system is based on the principle of independence of the Judiciary. The Constitution provides for a system of civil law, a method of criminal law, and a family law system. The Constitution provides for an independent judiciary. The President appoints judges on the advice of
Pakistan’s legal system is a combination of Islamic and British common law. Pakistan’s Constitution establishes a judicial system built on the notion of judicial independence. The Chief Justice of Pakistan is in charge of the Judiciary. The Constitution also establishes a civil law system, a criminal law system, and a family law system. An independent judiciary is guaranteed under the Constitution.
History of Legal System in Pakistan.
There are mainly three Eras from which the legal system and Judiciary evolve and reach there.
The Hindu Era stretches over three millennia, from 1500 BC to 1500 AD. The judicial system throughout the Hindu period is a bit vague, with information acquired largely from dispersed sources such as ancient writings like Dharmashastra, Smritis, and Arthashastra and commentary by historians and jurists. During the Hindu Era, these texts establish a well-defined justice administration system. The King was seen as a source of justice who also performed judicial duties. Judges, as well as his clergy and counsellors, aided him in this endeavour. He was the highest court of appeal and the final judicial authority. Aside from the King’s Court, the Court of Chief Justice operated in the Capital.
In the Indian subcontinent, the Muslim Era began around the 11th century A.D. This time can be divided into two parts: early Muslim monarchs who dominated Delhi and other areas of India, and the Mughal period, which began in 1526 A.D. and succeeded such Muslim and other rulers. The Mughal Empire ruled until the mid-nineteenth century. Islamic law was the law of the land in addressing civil and criminal issues under the reign of Muslim kings. The Mughals built on their past expertise and established a well-organized well-organized system of governance. All around the country, there is a system of justice administration. Courts were built at every level of the system.
The East India Company was given authority to resolve the cases of its English employees by the Charter of 1623. As a result, the Company set up its courts. The Company’s President and Council resolved all civil and criminal disputes. The Government of India Act of 1935 preserved the High Courts while establishing a Federal Court with six judges. In 1937, the Supreme Court of the United States was created. The Crown nominated its judges, who served until they reached 65. Five years as a High Court judge, basic Ten years as a lawyer, or 10 years as a High Court pleader were required qualifications
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